Río de Janeiro, first found by Portugueese sailor in 1502, was once the capital of Brazil, and today is one of the most visited cities in the country. “Janeiro” means January in Portugueese, and the first month of Summer in the South Hemisphere. And something that this city always have is sunshine days and a continuous feeling of vacations floating in the air. Río has the second largest economy in the country after São Paulo, and today is still the financial center of Brazil. Manufacturing, commerce and tourism are the main industries. Many travelers choose Río de Janeiro to spend a relaxing vacation in paradise beaches, enjoy nightlife to the rhythm of Samba (the national dance) and discover the culture and charm of Brazilians.
Samba, football matches, golden beaches and green highlands feature the Rio de Janeiro City. Immerse yourself in this city by visiting Ipanema beach, Candelaria Church, Pao de Acucar and Cristo Redentor.
Check out our most recommended attractions in Rio de Janeiro!
Once famous with Hollywood stars and with the Copacabana Palace Hotel as the symbol of that period, Copacabana is still a wonderful place.
Visit it in the early morning to see the sunrise or enjoy one of the many sports you can practice (or watch them from a kiosk having a caipirinha!) volleyball, beach volley, foot volley, football, frescobol, jogging, surfing, boogie boarding and so on. On Sundays and holidays half of the beach avenue Av. Atlântica is closed for traffic. At that time people on bicycles, skateboards, rollerblades, joggers all took advantage of that beautiful beach walk.
While Copacabana means middle class and old glam days, Ipanema means fashion, young and perfect bodies.
During the last military regime it became some kind of an alternative stronghold for the opposition. Around Posto 9 (life guard tower 6) young leftist intellectuals and hippies smoked weed and exchanged opinions, closer to Posto 8 gay people were meeting and over in Arpoador was the surfers meeting point. Although politics are not anymore an important issue on the beach, this area still holds a little of each group.
At Leblon beach you will find more people from the upper local class.
Two of the less famous ones…secrets of Cariocas!
It is considered to be the best surf beach in Rio. It has a few kiosks with food and drinks. Avoid weekends, too crowded!
The best way to get there (if you don’t have a car) is The Surf Bus. It is a specially designed bus that can take up to 30 passengers with their boards. They run everyday and have English speaking staff on board. Call 8702-2837 to confirm a pick up, they will then give you a time and street corner to be at for the pick-up.
Located at the foot of the Sugarloaf it is a very special place to be. The water for some reason (it is located quite deep in to the bay) always seems to be quite clean here. There are a few good restaurants in the area and the beach makes a perfect combination with a visit to the Sugarloaf.
Many pedestrian streets come super alive on weekdays after office hours, when all the workers go out for the happy hour. Join in on one of the many bars with tables outside to feel like another carioca.
The impressive architecture of this building, as well as its decoration, makes it the most photogenic church of Brazil.
The most important cultural centre of Rio. There are free expositions, movies and music concerts.
This Paris style theater was recently restored and is the house of Rio’s opera and ballet. Highly recommended to visit!
It used to be the uppermost residential neighborhood in the 19th century. During 1969s and 1970s many artists and bohemians moved into Santa Teresa’s mansions, giving it the bohemian style it has nowadays.
Try to avoid this spot between 10am and 11am, and 2pm to 3pm because at those times buses full of tourists arrive. Also if it’s a weekend or a National Holiday, bear in mind that you might find a long line. So– if you are planning to go for sunset, head there a couple of hours ahead in order to avoid seeing the sunset from a line! Then enjoy the great view from 400mts above Rio.
This is the last of all historic street cars that once criss crossed through city. It is the icon of the bohemian Santa Teresa and therefore drives between the city center and Santa Teresa.
This art museum, at the heart of Santa Teresa, allows wonderful views of the city from its lovely garden, which is situated next to Parque das Ruinas.
The Samba Schools are social clubs, representing a particular neighborhood. They provide entertainment through popular dance nights, just like dance clubs do. They also prepare for and compete annually in the Samba Parade (known as Rio Carnaval). They represent the community spirit of a neighborhood, which is usually a particular shanty-town (favela). They are the best organized entities in the slums, having a direct impact on the society with thousands of people joining rehearsals, samba nights and carnival preparations. They are often politically involved, too.
They are not teaching institutions, as their name suggests, and do not offer samba classes. However you can attend any of their samba nights and learn how to dance just by watching others. The origin of the name samba school comes from the fact, as legend suggests, that the early sambistas used to rehearse in an empty lot near college teachers. “We also teach! Here the students learn to breathe and live samba!”
Little more than 700mts above sea level, the impressive statue and photogenic view point is maybe Rio’s most touristy spot, but also a must. Very recommended to go as early in the morning as you can (opens daily at 8.30am) to avoid the crowd.
The Gafieiras are the traditional dance-halls of Rio, so if you like, it’s ‘dance-hall’ samba, and so it’s danced in the embrace, unlike samba no pé – which you may dance in a crowd at Carnival, but you’re not in contact with a partner. Gafieira originated from the maxixe, a partner dance that appeared in Brazil at the same time as the tango was emerging in Buenos Aires – and was probably similar to the tango danced in the black clubs of Buenos Aires in the eighteen-eighties.
Rio’s favelas tours are popular nowadays. There are almost 1,000 favelas with approximately 1.5 million people just in Rio de Janeiro, who often live without reliable electricity, sewage systems, or drinkable water. Many of the Favelas have developed projects involving social community-based tours where you can visit, and learn about Rio’s everyday reality as well interact with the local community culture and art like samba, capoeira and graffiti.
The most popular Favela tours go to Rocinha (Rio’s largest and most developed favela, and it’s the focal point of most Rio favela tours), Santa Marta Favela, located in the Botafogo and Laranjeiras area of South Rio and Vidigal Favela.
Very important to take into account that only certain favelas are safe for visitors and they should only be visited as part of a tour with a reputable tour company. Most tours use a portion of the income to fund community projects within the favelas. Most Favela tours involve a fair amount of walking and last two to four hours so use most Comfortable shoes : roads can be steep and uneven.
Favelas are living communities; be sensible and respectful when visiting locals and their homes as this kind of tours may not be suitable for everyone. If you are unsure please ask your travel agent.
Check out our most recommended Restaurants & Bars in Rio de Janeiro!
62 Aprazível St. Santa Teresa –RJ, Tel. 21 – 2508 – 9174.
The making of the menu reflects the multiplicity of Brazilian flavors, highlighting national products. Brazilian culinary is the result of a great diversity of outside influences – deriving mainly from Europe and Africa and merging with the native-Indian culinary. Cultural miscegenation, which is the portrait of Brazil, is strongly present in Brazilian culinary.
Part of the charm is the house itself. The restaurant takes up several rooms and spills over into a garden. Where the view of downtown Rio and Guanabara Bay is beautiful. Not cheap but catalogued as best restaurant in Rio by many Travel Guides.
Atlantica Ave. corner with Rua Peru (Posto 3), Copacabana – RJ, Tel. 21 – 2236-6768.
This traditional restaurant located on the beach front has amazing seafood, pasta, and high quality caipirinhas! Easy if you are staying in Copacabana.
32 Gonçalves Dias St. Centro, Tel. 021 -2505 -1500.
The huge, elegant space opens up to a canopy of stained glass that washes filtered light onto huge mirrors. Marble tables and heavy cane-seated chairs are spaced generously around the tile floor. Come here at least for coffee, it deserves the trip to downtown.
99 Pascho al Carlos Magno St. Santa Teresa RJ- Tel: 21 2221 9227.
Excellent choice for a beer. It has the good ambience of the antiqued and nostalgic. It gets full with locals during weekends, so you should get there early (Saturday feijoada’s day!).
86 São José St. in Rio’s Centro, Tel. 21-2533-9285.
This Is a classic botequim. Get a cafezinho because you must, but be sure to sample the classic sandwiches like pernil (marinated roast pork) and rib roast. Or for a lighter snack, get the classic combination of media (cafezinho with milk) with pãonachapa com manteiga (grilled buttered bread).
137, 7 de Setembro St. Centro, Tel. 21-2221-0533.
This is the oldest botequim in Rio. The interior is a little cramped, and the fluorescent lights dispatch any remaining charm, but the cakes are delicious.
Edifício Palácio Astória, R. Visc. de Pirajá, 595. Ipanema – Tel: 21-2267-5121
The Armazén do Café is a local chain with eight locations in Rio. Coffee blends reflect the range of beans available from different parts of Brazil, and the place is often hopping.
899 Estr. da Gávea St. – Loja 119. São Conrado – Tel: 21-2422-6306
Some of the best espresso (2.20 reais) can be found in Café Rubro, either at this address or one of the other two locations in the city. As you sit in the small, gleaming shop at Rua da Quitanda, coffee blenders are working hard a few floors above you, in rooms rich with the earthy smell of green coffee from all over Brazil.
501 Almirante Alexandrino St. Centro. RJ Downtown – Tel: 21-2221-8992.
It is a big mansion and Epitomizes Santa Teresa’s theatrical decay. Flip through a small but well-chosen collection of books about Brazilian history, art and culture, and sigh before the vista of Rio spread out below.
Pastor Martin Luther King Júnior Ave. Shopping Nova América. Tel: 21 99799-6549.
Rustic and elegant, this restaurant opened in 2005 bringing flavor, quality ingredients and a unique experience to its customers.
3900 das Américas Ave. – Barra da Tijuca. Tel: 21 3900-1605.
This elegant restaurant is located in the exclusive Village Mall in Barra da Tijuca – Rio de Janeiro with a varied menu of Spanish dishes.
3255 das Américas Ave. Shopping Barra Garden – Barra da Tijuca. Tel: 21 3153-5529.
Sophisticated and welcoming, the Gabbiano attracts for its excellent service, an impeccable selection of wines and delicious dishes, worthy examples of contemporary Italian cuisine.
Flight: Most major airlines fly to Rio de Janeiro and the international airport is Antonio Carlos Jobin, more commonly known as Galeao Airport. It is located, 20 km (12 miles) from downtown. The second airport of Rio is Santos Dumont airport located downtown, surrounded by the Baia de Guanabara. Once at the airports, the best way to get to the downtown area will be with a private transfer.
Bus: All long-distance buses arrive at the Novo Rio Rodoviaria bus terminal, Av. Francisco Bicalho 1, Santo Cristo. It is close to downtown near the old port. It’s best to use a private transfer or taxi traveling to or from the station. It’s not the best part of town, particularly with all your bags. We recommend that you buy your ticket in advance, especially for travel on weekends or in high season.
It depends. If you are referring to the State of Rio de Janeiro, I’d say 30 days . However, if you mean the city of Rio, 10 days should be fine.
The best time to visit Rio is between December and March, when the weather is warm and sunny enough to hit the beaches. The city’s seductive samba beat and incredible panoramic views last year-round, but arrive in February to experience Carnival.
The weather in Rio de Janeiro is a typical tropical climate with high temperatures and high humidity throughout the year, this is due to its location in the tropical South Atlantic. The average annual temperature ranges from 23ºC (74ºF) and 30ºC (86ºF). However, during some summer days (January-March) can reach up to 38ºC (100ºF) or even 40ºC (104ºf). During winter (June to August), temperatures in the area suffer a decline, but never gets cold (average temperature is usually not less than 18ºC / 64.4ºF), during this time the weather is cool and dry. Areas close to the mountains tend to be colder than areas near the coast, but also these areas enjoy pleasant weather and warm temperatures. The rainy season runs from November to March. Rains are usually heavy and short. It is unusual for falling water for a whole day.
ATM cash machines can be found everywhere in the city, but they mostly only dispense Real currency. We recommend to use ATMs which are located inside the bank lobbies, and try to avoid ATMs on the streets or in the late evening (most ATMs turn off at 11pm). The current daily maximum withdrawal is R$ 1000.
Banks open daily from 10 am till 16 pm. Not all bank exchange foreign currency but there are many currency exchange shops.
In restaurants, it’s customary to tip about 10% of the bill. Note that tips can’t be added to credit-card bills, so carry cash for this purpose. For tour guides , estimate around USD 10/15 per person, for a full day tour and half of it for the driver. In hotels, you should tip porters for handling bags:USD1.00 for every two bags, same amount is calculated for drivers if they help you with your suitcases, the housekeeping (between USD0.50 – 1.00 per night), and the concierge staff if the have helped you to arrange dinner reservations, transportation or leisure activities. In Argentina we don’t regularly tip taxi drivers.
You should plan to spend around US 75.- per day on your vacation in Rio de Janeiro, which is the average daily price based on the expenses of other visitors. Past travelers have spent, on average, US 12.- on meals for one day and US 5.- on local transportation.
Exchanging foreign money into Brazil currency in Rio de Janeiro is easy and is most commonly done at Bank ATMs, Cambios (stores that specialize in currency exchange), and at travel agencies. Currency exchange rates are posted in the window of most banks and at these agencies.
Avoid exchanging money at the airport upon arrival, as lines are long and the exchange rate is poor. There has been a lot of card cloning fraud reported when using the ATMs at GIG International Airport. Hotels will often offer money exchange and convert it at the front desk. Hotel currency exchange rates are less competitive than the Banks and Cambios, but are usually better than rates at the airport.
Many Cambios are located on the main avenues of Rua Visconde de Piraja in Ipanema and in Copacabana along the Avenida NS Copacabana. They will have “Cambio” signs in the windows and over the store. Cambios may be located inside travel agencies and will often give better Brazil currency exchange rates than the banks.
ATM cash withdrawal using a credit or debit card is the most convenient method to get Reais. Before leaving home, confirm with your bank or credit card company the procedures and fees charged for international ATM withdrawals. A service fee may also be charged by the Brazilian bank. Use ATMs that are located inside the bank lobbies. Never use one on the street or late in the evening (ATMs usually turn off at 11pm). Cover your PIN# with your hand and avoid withdrawing large sums at one time. An ATM that allow credit card withdrawal will have small credit card emblems on it. The current daily maximum withdrawal is R $1000. (R $300 maximum withdrawal after 10pm).
Exchanging money before you arrive can be easily completed using an on-line exchange service. The company will offer rates that are about 10% less than the official exchange rate and will charge $15 to send you the Brazilian Reais by overnight delivery. The minimum exchange is usually US $ 200 to a maximum of $250. A Visa or Mastercard must be used to exchange currency, and this is treated as a “cash advance” which your credit card company may treat differently than merchandise charges.
Using Credit Cards for currency exchange. Although restaurant and store merchants won’t advance you cash from your credit or debit card, paying for food and other services in Reais will usually result in a good exchange rate by your card company. Visit our Using Credit Cards Safely page for more info.
Tourists from around the world now have reason to celebrate, as Brazil has signed a decree to waive visa requirements for visitors from the United States, Canada, Australia, and Japan. This means it has just become even easier for citizens from these countries to experience the wealth of culture and natural beauty Brazil has to offer.
Tourists from the aforementioned countries will be granted a 90-day tourist visa upon arrival, which can be extended for a further 90 days by simply visiting the nearest Federal Police office. The new rules apply to all people traveling to Brazil for tourism, business, transit, or to perform sports or artistic activities.
Tourists bearing an international license to drive are entitled to drive in Brazil if their stay is no more than 180 days. For longer stays they are required to obtain a Brazilian driver’s license.
It is compulsory to have a valid international driver’s license and a valid identification document. The foreign tourist driver is subject to the Brazilian legislation
Rio de Janeiro has the fame of a crime-ridden city. However, during the past two years a security campaign has been led by the ex-president Lula Da Silva and things have been getting better. However, using a money belt while traveling is still recommendable. As well as using the safe box in your hotel. Leave your passport in the safe because there is no need to carry it around the city while exploring. Also try to avoid walking at the beach by night.
Taxi drivers in Rio de Janeiro are usually honest, but occasionally they decide to take advantage of the fact that you are a tourist. If they ask you to pay upfront the ride, don’t accept this and go out of the car. This is illegal and it indicates that the cab driver is setting his own prices and is not going to use the clocked meter. All official taxis in the city have clocked meters and they can only charge the price which is shown on the meter.
Rua Pereira da Silva 826 Casa 27 Vila Pereira da Silva, Río de Janeiro
Morrinho aims to bring positive change to the local community, as well as challenge the popular perception of Brazil’s favelas. Through its work, Morrinho contributes directly to the socio-cultural and economic development of the surrounding areas. The belief that favelas are merely dominated by drug trafficking and violence is not all encompassing. Morrinho communicates the realities of life through film, plastic arts, theater and music and shows that life in the favela is multi-dimensional.
Morrinho Social, the fourth component, was still being developed as of August 2009. Following the slogan “Initiating a Small Revolution”, Morrinho Social intends to offer profession qualification workshops to the residents of the Pereirão community. The idea has been developed over the past two years and aims to odder an education al component that complements the overarching values of Morrinho of social justice and economic mobility.
Through informal means Morrinho Social will develop the area of education and professionalism under the following courses:
The Copaíba Environmental Association won the Muriqui award in the 2020 edition, in the corporate category, recognizing its contribution to the conservation of biodiversity and the Mata Atlântica biome. This recognition is one of the most important honors for those who work in the Brazilian environmental area, according to the National Council of the Mata Atlántica Biosphere Reserve (CN-RBMA). The award aims to encourage actions that contribute to the conservation of biodiversity, the promotion and dissemination of traditional and scientific knowledge and the promotion of sustainable development in the area of the Atlantic Forest. Copaíba was recognized for the results of the restoration and conservation of the Atlantic Forest and for the trajectory of her work for 21 years. To date, 690 thousand seedlings have been planted on 458 hectares in partnership with landowners in the region, protecting around 265 springs and bordering 144 streams.
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